I've recently spent some time working with Pacemaker, and ended up with an interesting collection of XPath snippets that I am publishing here for your use and/or amusement.

Check if there are any inactive resources

pcs status xml |
  xmllint --xpath '//resource[@active="false"]' - >&/dev/null &&
  echo "There are inactive resources"

This selects any resource (//resource) in the output of pcs status xml that has the attribute active set to false. If there are no matches to this query, xmllint exits with an error code.

Get a list of inactive resources

pcs status xml |
  xmllint --xpath '//resource[@active="false"]/@id' - |
  tr ' ' '\n' |
  cut -f2 -d'"'

This uses the same xpath query as the previous snippet, but here we then extract the id attribute of the matches and then print out all the resulting ids, one per line.

Check if there are no inactive resources

! pcs status xml |
  xmllint --xpath '//resource[@active="false"]' - &&
  echo "There are no inactive resources"

This is the opposite of our earlier snippet, and demonstrates the use of ! in a shell script to negate the success/failure of a shell pipeline.

Check top-level resources

tmpfile=$(mktemp xmlXXXXXX)
trap "rm -f $tmpfile" EXIT

pcs status xml > $tmpfile
xmllint --xpath '/crm_mon/resources/*/@id' $tmpfile |
tr ' ' '\n'| cut -f2 -d'"' |
while read id; do
  [ "$id" ] || continue
  if ! xmllint --xpath "
      /crm_mon/resources/*[@id='$id' and @active='true']|
      /crm_mon/resources/*[@id='$id']/*[@active='true']" \
      $tmpfile > /dev/null 2>&1; then
    echo "$id: no active resources" >&2
    exit 1

This snippet checks that each top-level resource or resource container (clone, resource group, etc.) has at least one active resources. First we extract the id attribute from the just the top-level contents of /cr_mon/resources:


And then we iterate over the extracted ids, and for each one, we check if either (a) a resource with that id is active, or (b) if any child of a resource with that id is active:

/crm_mon/resources/*[@id='$id' and @active='true']|

Wait for all resources to become inactive

pcs set property stop-all-resources=true
while pcs status xml |
    xmllint --xpath '//resource[@active="true"]' -; do
  sleep 1

This is a good way to programatically wait for Pacemaker to finish responding to setting stop-all-resources=true.

Get a list of all top-level resources

cibadmin -Q |
  xmllint --xpath '/cib/configuration/resources/*/@id' - |
  tr ' ' '\n' |
  cut -f2 -d'"'

This generates a list of the ids of "top-level" resources (either standalone resources, or resource containers such as groups or clones).

Wait for all members of a resource container to become active

while pcs status xml |
    xmllint --xpath "//clone[@id='$id']/resource[@active='false']" -; do
  sleep 1

This waits until all children of the specified resource id become active.

Parsing XML with Awk

Mon 10 September 2012 by Lars Kellogg-Stedman Tags awk xml

Recently, changes from the xmlgawk project have been integrated into GNU awk, and xmlgawk has been renamed to gawkextlib. With both a recent (post-4.0.70) gawk and gawkextlib built and installed correctly, you can write simple XML parsing scripts using gawk.

For example, let's say you would like to …

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MBTA realtime XML feed

Sun 07 February 2010 by Lars Kellogg-Stedman Tags xml gps transportation bus location mbta

The MBTA has a trial web service interface that provides access to realtime location information for select MBTA buses, as well as access to route information, arrival prediction, and other features. More information can be found here:


The service is provided by …

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