A software fixture “sets up a system for the software testing process by initializing it, thereby satisfying any preconditions the system may have”. They allow us to perform setup and teardown tasks, provide state or set up services required for our tests, and perform other initialization tasks. In this article, we’re going to explore how to use fixtures in Pytest to create and tear down containers as part of a test run.
This post is mostly for myself: I find the Traefik documentation hard to navigate, so having figured this out in response to a question on Stack Overflow, I’m putting it here to help it stick in my head. The question asks essentially how to perform port-based routing of requests to containers, so that a request for http://example.com goes to one container while a request for http://example.com:9090 goes to a different container.
systemd-nspawn has been called “chroot on steroids”, but if you think of it as Docker with a slightly different target you wouldn’t be far wrong, either. It can be used to spawn containers on your host, and has a variety of options for configuring the containerized environment through the use of private networking, bind mounts, capability controls, and a variety of other facilities that give you flexible container management. There are many different ways in which it can be used.